University of Cape Town. Artemisia Afra is indigenous to South Africa, an organic and natural plan. Strelitzia 10. World-wide there are about 400 species of Artemisia, mainly from the northern hemisphere. It grows primarily in areas that are damp, such as by the side of streams, and also in transitional areas between ecosystems. She also mentions that wilde-als with its painkilling and relaxing properties could be of real value to today's stressful society. Artemisia afra is a common species in South Africa with a wide distribution from the Cederberg Mountains in the Cape, northwards to tropical East Africa and stretching as far north as Ethiopia.In the wild it grows at altitudes between 20-2 440 m on damp slopes, along streamsides and forest margins. & Gericke, N. This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 16:03. People take Artemisia herba-alba for cough, stomach and intestinal upset, the common cold, measles, diabetes, yellowed skin (jaundice), anxiety, irregular heartbeat, arthritis, and muscle weakness. A. afra has a very bitter taste and is usually sweetened with sugar or honey when drunk. For four years we have been studying this plant. Actively growing in the summer months, it should be able to take quite low temperatures during the winter months. smoked or snuffed), or as an essential oil. A: Artemisia Annua is a herb that was first introduced in traditional Chinese medicine 1000 years ago. Water regularly, but do not over water. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. Artemisia afra is a well-known medicinal plant in Africa, and is still used by people of many cultures. Medicinal Uses: Artemisia afra is … Effect of Artemisia annua and Artemisia afra tea infusions on schistosomiasis in a large clinical trial. The genus of Artemisia contains about 300 species of plants. Artemisia Afra is similar and is found – obviously in Africa. 1990. Not registered yet? ); umhlonyane (isiXhosa); mhlonyane (isiZulu); lengana (Tswana); zengana (Southern Sotho). Artemisia afra is a well-known medicinal plant in Africa, and is still used effectively by people of many cultures. Dorling Kindersley, London. Uses range from treating cough, fever, colic, headache, to intestinal parasites and malaria. Artemisia afra exudes a pungent, sweet smell when any part of the plant is bruised. The roots, stems and leaves are used as enemas, poultices, infusions, lotions, inhaled (e.g. Macmillan Press, London. Watt, J. Artemisia afra grows in thick, bushy, slightly untidy clumps, usually with tall stems up to 2 m high, but sometimes as low as 0.6 m. The stems are thick and woody at the base, becoming thinner and softer towards the top. The Plant List Artemisia afra Jacq. Artemisia afra is one of the oldest and best known medicinal plants, and is still used effectively today in South Africa by people of all cultures. Jackson, W.P.U. Artemisia afra flowers in late summer, from March to May. Login to add your Comment Investigation of leaf exudate flavonoids revealed the presence of two luteolin methyl ethers. It seems that it is equivalent or even superior to Artemisia annua in vitro and in vivo trials, or in anecdotical reports from Tanzania. Dig planting holes for the artemisia plants that are between 18 and 24 inches apart. 1 Sacred Woman, Queen Afua 2 Rite of Passage to Womanhood, Artemisia Afra Better Living Plan. Artemisia afra, the African wormwood, is a common species of the genus Artemisia in Africa, with a wide distribution from South Africa, to areas reaching to the North and East, as far north as Ethiopia. Irregular eating patterns can be one cause of ulcer disease. It is also known as African Wormwood / Sagewood / Lengana / uMhlonyane. Artemisia Afra is a highly aromatic plant. Artemisia Tea. In June, Artemisia afra was in high demand on the streets of Johannesburg in South Africa. Geographical distribution of Artemisia afra. Nzimande said the department has reassigned R15 million from existing Indigenous Knowledge projects to support COVID-19 interventions. In our work with African Universities we have learned that in many countries of South and East African, a local plant, Artemisia afra was widely used against malaria. A conspectus of the Cape flora of South Africa. A herb touted by Madagascar's government as healing coronavirus is undergoing tests by a group of international researchers. 2018;51:233-40. Many of the exotic artemisias are popular garden plants. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Artemisia afra is a common species in South Africa with a wide distribution from the Cederberg Mountains in the Cape, northwards to tropical East Africa and stretching as far north as Ethiopia. Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J. The individual creamy yellow flowers are small (3-4 mm in diameter), nodding and crowded at the tips of the branches. Artemisia afra Jacq., is found throughout Africa as a common species in the southern, central and eastern Africa and extends as far north as Ethiopia. At Kirstenbosch it is often used in herbaceous plantings mixed with other summer and autumn perennials like the wild sages Hemizygia obermeyerae, Orthosiphon labiatus, Leonotis leonurus and Syncolostemon densiflorus, which make very interesting combinations of foliage and flower colour throughout the summer. Africa COVID-19: Tests for 'miracle cure' herb Artemisia begin. The Flora Publications Trust, Durban. Artemisia Afra is a highly aromatic plant. The literature survey presents the number of publications with respect to time. Zulu medicinal plants. The tiny buds and shoots that form onthe woody stick will take best. In Ethiopia, this plant is found in Bale, Sidamo, Arba Minch and Keffa (Mesfin Tadesse and Sebsebe Demissew, 1992). Artemisia afra grows in clumps, with ridged, woody stems, reaching from 0.5 meters to 2 meters in height. The plant itself is hairless and naturally grows from 30 to 100 cm tall, although in cultivation it is … Another interesting link to the name is Artemisia, the wife of the Greek/Persian King Mausolus, who ruled after his death in 353 BC. Bremness, L. 1988. Artemisia Afra is a member of the daisy or Asteraceae family. & Gericke, N. 1997. Seed can be sown in spring or summer. A. afra is the only indigenous species in this genus. ... Artemisia afra, Absinthe africaine. Soil: Artemisia likes well-draining soil of average quality. The list of uses covers a wide range of ailments from coughs, colds, fever, loss of appetite, colic, headache, earache, intestinal worms to malaria. Artemisia afra is a well-known medicinal plant in Africa, and is still used by people of many cultures. ex Willd. Medicinal plants of South Africa. Artemisia afra is one of the oldest, most well known and widely used traditional medicinal plants in South Africa. Water: Artemisia has average watering needs. Artemisia afra alleviates and cures diabetes. Munyangi J, Cornet-Vernet L, Idumbo M, et al. Pack the soil down around each of the artemisia plants using your hand or a trowel. Origins and meanings of names of South African plant genera. The genus name Artemisia honours Artemis, the Greek goddess of hunting (Jackson 1990). The species name afra means from Africa. Van Wyk, B., Van Oudtshoorn, B. Tutoriel de la culture des Artemisia annua et afra en Afrique subtropicale Common names: wild wormwood, African wormwood (Eng. In addition, Artemisia afra is frequently used as a moth repellent, and in organic insecticidal sprays. In addition, Artemisia afra is frequently used as a moth repellent, and in organic insecticidal sprays. Some people even pulled the … Mountain flowers. Herb Artemisia afra has recently attracted worldwide attention of researchers for its possible use in the modern diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases etc. Many of the other Artemisia species are aromatic perennials and are used medicinally. Other variants include: Learn how and when to remove this template message. It will do great from neutral to mildly alkaline soils. 2003. Artemisia afra needs full sun and heavy pruning in winter to encourage new lush growth in spring. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. Huxley, A., Griffiths, M. & Levy, M. (eds). Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Light: Artemisia loves sunshine and will show its best growth in full sun. Aretemisia afra is known by a variety of names, primarily due to the number of native dialects in regions where it grows. Langana represents a Sotho-derived name for Artemisia afra. Another cause is too high acid content in the stomach. Artemisia Afra is indigenous to South Africa, an organic and natural plan. This review is exhaustive and systematic organization of the available literature on Artemisia afra (A. afra) from January 1922 to July 2011. Liesl van der WaltKirstenbosch National Botanical GardenApril 2004, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Aspect: Full Sun, Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). Artemisia Afra is indigenous to South Africa, an organic and natural plan. Its stem is erect brownish or violet brown. By consuming the leaves of Artemisia Annua, it will neutralize the stomach acid and also will treat the wound that is in the wall of the stomach. Artemisia afra, a popular South African traditional herbal medicine is commonly administered as a tea infusion of the leaves. What’s an Herb? The roots, stems and leaves are used as enemas, poultices, infusions, lotions, inhaled (e.g. Indigenous healing plants. Indeed, several plants of this taxonomic genus have both prophylactic and curative properties against malaria. Hutchings, A. 2000. ); wilde-als (Afr. Cape plants. Artemisia will greatly benefit from a little mulch spread around its base, especially in very hot climates. Plus d'informations . It is in the Asteraceae, (daisy) family, but you will not see a lot of showy flowers with this plant.Most artemisias are grown as foliage plants and valued for their filagree-like leaves. In an analysis of the sesquiterpene lactones of this species, 10 guaianolides and 5 glaucolides were detected in the overground parts of the plan. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. Water the artemisia plants with approximately 1 quart of water. Its stem is erect brownish or violet brown. Liu, N. Q., Van der Kooy, F., Verpoorte, R. van Wyk, B-E., van Oudtshoorn, B. On 21 April 2020, Madagascar President Andry Rajoelina officially launched a coronavirus "cure" dubbed "Covid-Organic". A. afra has been used for treating a variety of ailments such as coughs, fevers, colds, chills, dyspepsia, loss of appetite, gastric de-rangements, colic, croup, whooping-cough, gout, asthma, malaria, diabetes, bladder and kidney disorders, influenza, and convulsions. Medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa. In addition… Briza Publications, Pretoria. Southern Book Publishers, Halfway House, South Africa. Essential oil extracts of Artemisia afra are prepared by steam distillation using twigs and blossoms. (1992) as 'a condiment with supposed magical properties'. Strelitzia 9. Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) is an herb that’s prized for its distinctive aroma, herbaceous flavor, and purported health benefits ().While native to Europe, it … Developed by the Madagascar Institute of Applied Research, the herbal tea was made using artemisia and other locally-sourced herbs claiming the tea strengthens immunity. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. New plants can be propagated by division or from cuttings that root easily in spring and summer. Easy to grow, Artemisia afra is an essential part of the herb garden, and with its silver-grey foliage it makes a striking display in any garden. Fast-growing, established shrubs are very tough and will slowly spread to form thicker clumps. Artemisia afra has traditionally been part of the herb garden, but this indigenous species is just as attractive in the garden used for display. African collections of Artemisia afra. Leistner, O.A. The stems are ribbed with strong swollen lines that run all the way up. Artemisia Afra (Wilde Als) grows in most regions throughout Africa. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. In his honour she built a magnificent tomb called the Mausoleum, known as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Artemisia afra is the only species in this genus indigenous to the African continent. It likes the sun and grows well in poor soil for a few years at a time with little watering. Artemisia afra blossoms in late summer, producing abundant bracts of butter-colored flowers, each approximately 3 to 5 millimeters in diameter. Many smaller side branches shoot from the main stems. Strelitzia 14. A third study by Dr Munyang separated the villagers into those served Artemisia Annua and those given the African specie, Artemisia Afra, which … 1996. 1992. Artemisia Afra is … A. vulgaris is naturalized in the Eastern Cape. It is an annual, indigenous to Europe, Iran, Siberia and North Africa, is commonly known as mugwort, and is described by Huxley et al. An herb is a plant that is valued for flavor, scent, medicinal and for spiritual purposes. Artemisia is used in many different ways and one of the most common practices is to insert fresh leaves into the nostrils to clear blocked nasal passages (Van Wyk et al. WHO forecasts an alarming increase of diabetes in Africa, from 7 020 000 cases in 2000 to18 234 000 cases in 2030, with a high death toll if no efficient and affordable cure is found. Fast forward your journey to wellness!. smoked or snuffed), or as an essential oil. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Click here to register. 2000. Phytomedicine. This tough and easy-to-grow species adds texture and colour with its fine, silver-grey foliage. How to grow Artemisia from cuttings. Artemisia afra grows across a wide geographic area, including Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe and Namibia. The soft leaves are finely divided, almost fern-like. The undersides of the leaves are a lighter green, and are covered with white bristles. Pooley, E. 2003. La Maison de l’Artemisia is non-governmental organization (NGO), a non-profit under French law, which has been supporting for several years the players of the production, marketing and use of medicinal plants of the Artemisia genus in Africa, because of their anti-malarial power. Wilde-als brandy is a very popular medicine still made and sold today. A. afra is the only indigenous species in this genus. She was also a famous botanical and medical researcher (Bremness 1988). Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. Artemisia annua belongs to the plant family of Asteraceae and is an annual short-day plant. And scientists in South Africa have been doing laboratory tests on artemisia annua and another variety of the plant - artemisia afra - for effectiveness against … plan du site; Notre boutique utilise des cookies pour améliorer l'expérience utilisateur et nous vous recommandons d'accepter leur utilisation pour profiter pleinement de votre navigation. Connexion . 1997). "One of the herbs our team is working on is Artemisia Afra (Umhlonyane in Nguni languages)," Nzimande said. Artemisia Absanth is not the same, do not use it as a treatment. The leaves are dark green, of soft texture, and similar in shape to fern leaves. 1962. However, the World Health Organization (WHO) has since cautioned that there was no proof for any coronavirus cure at the time of Covid-Organic's launch. 2 ) Poke these slips into well-drained soil. The complete book of herbs. Wormwood (Artemisia Afra ) is a perennial that is native to Europe and parts of Africa and Asia but now grows wild in the United States. Then, water once a … Extracts contain the following components (via gas chromatography) which are typical of extracts of the genus Artemisia: Research suggests that the extract of Artemisia afra could have properties that can protect against liver damage; however, more research must be conducted. The upper surface of the leaves is dark green whereas the undersides and the stems are covered with small white hairs, which give the shrub the characteristic overall grey colour.Â Very typical of A. afra is the strong, sticky sweet smell that it exudes when touched or cut. To treat COVID-19 symptoms, the Indigenous herb’s silvery leaves were for sale at roadside vendors and in the city’s popular traditional markets. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town. The Artemisia Afra is used for treating a variety of aliments such as Coughs, Colds, Headaches, Chills, Dyspepsia, Loss of Appetite, Gastric Derangments, Whooping Cough, Gout, Diabetes, Bladder and Kidney Disorders, Fever, Heart Inflamation, Rheumatism. It is used to treat many different medical conditions, particularly respiratory and inflammatory ailments (Liu et al., 2009). View abstract. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Artemisia_afra&oldid=988503101, Articles needing additional references from September 2011, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The roots, stems and leaves are used in many different ways and taken as enemas, poultices, infusions, body washes, lotions, smoked, snuffed or drunk as a tea. In the wild it grows at altitudes between 20-2 440 m on damp slopes, along streamsides and forest margins. Margaret Roberts (1990) lists many other interesting uses in her book, Indigenous healing plants, which includes the use of A. afra in natural insecticidal sprays and as a moth repellent.